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PLG

Seminar

Evaluating the goodness of fit between a phylogenetic model and an alignment

von Haeseler, A (MFPL, Vienna)
Wednesday 22 June 2011, 09:00-10:00

Seminar Room 1, Newton Institute

Abstract

As models of sequence evolution become more and more complicated, many criteria for model selection have been proposed, and tools are available to select the best model for an alignment under a particular criterion. However, in many instances the selected model fails to explain the data adequately as reflected by large deviations between observed pattern frequencies and the corresponding expectation. We present an approach to evaluate the goodness of fit. We introduces a minimum number of "extra substitutions" on the inferred tree to provide a biologically motivated explanation why the alignment may deviate from expectation. These extra substitutions plus the evolutionary model then fully explain the alignment. We illustrate the method on several examples and then give a survey about the goodness of fit of the selected models to the alignments in the PANDIT database.

Video

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