The INI has a new website!

This is a legacy webpage. Please visit the new site to ensure you are seeing up to date information.

Skip to content



Nematic braids: Effects of chirality and confinement

Zumer, S (University of Ljubljana)
Monday 24 June 2013, 14:45-15:30

Meeting Room 2, CMS


Nematic disclinations can form stable braids when they are stabilized by a confining geometry, chirality, or by interplay of both effects. These are stable or metastable topologically diverse defect structures in the nematic ordering field. Based on the synergy of our theoretical and numerical, approaches we are able to characterize geometries and properties of disclination loops forming braids by winding numbers, lengths, knot or link types, and self-linking numbers. We focus our attention to selected nematic braids of the lowest complexity: knotted 2D colloidal crystals, opal structures permeated by nematics, and knots in cholesteic drops. With this overview I would like to show how topology and geometry enables the assembling of complex soft materials. [1] S. ?opar and S. Žumer, Nematic Braids: Topological Invariants and Rewiring of Disclinations, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 177801 (2011). [2] S. ?opar, and S. Žumer, Quaternions and hybrid nematic disclinations, Proc. R. Soc. A 469, 1471 (2013). [3] U. Tkalec, M. Ravnik, S. ?opar, S. Žumer and I. Muševi?, Reconfigurable Knots and Links in Chiral Nematic Colloids, Science 333, 62 (2011). [4] S. ?opar, N. A. Clark, M. Ravnik and S. Žumer, Elementary building blocks of nematic disclination networks in densely packed 3D colloidal lattices, Soft Matter, DOI: 10.1039/C3SM50475A (2013).


The video for this talk should appear here if JavaScript is enabled.
If it doesn't, something may have gone wrong with our embedded player.
We'll get it fixed as soon as possible.

Back to top ∧