Noise, Fluctuation, and Response in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics
Seminar Room 1, Newton Institute
AbstractResponse theory provides formidable methods for addressing many problems in statistical mechanics. Recently, it has been proposed as a gateway for various challenges in geophysical fluid dynamics, such as the provision of a rigorous conceptual framework for computing climate response to a variety of forcings and for deriving effective equations for coarse-grained variables, thus paving the way for constructing accurate parametrization of unresolved processes in numerical models. In this contribution, we first would like to present some new results showing how one can use response theory to compute the impact of adding stochastic forcing to deterministic chaotic systems. Then, we will discuss the applicability of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem in the context of non-equilibrium systems, focusing on the role played by the choice of observable. Finally, we will present some applications of response theory in geophysical fluid dynamical systems, ranging from low-order models such as the Lorenz 63 and Lorenz 96 models to General Circulation Models of the atmosphere.
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