## The Newton Institute

The Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences is an international research institute running a series of visitor programmes across the spectrum of the mathematical sciences. Established in 1992, the 350th anniversary of Newton's birth, the Institute itself has no direct historical links with Newton, but was named after him because of his great achievements in the fields of mathematics, optics, physics and astronomy. The Newton Institute continues in this tradition of crossing the boundaries between scientific disciplines.

At the Institute we are often asked about Newton's life and work. We do have a collection of books about Newton and Newton artefacts but they are purely for the benefit of our researchers. However, there are many excellent and informative websites about Newton's life and works and we have put together this guide to help you find out more.

## Biography

- Isaac Newton's life from Microsoft Encarta by A. Rupert Hall
- Entry for Newton by Richard S. Westfall. This information is taken from the Galileo Project, which places Newton in context with his scientific contemporaries
- Sir Isaac Newton (1642 - 1727) taken from A Short Account of the History of Mathematics by W. W. Rouse Ball (4th Edition, 1908). Detailed and authoritative biography with high mathematical content.
- Newton Excellent biography with lots of links to related topics and a detailed list of references. Part of the MacTutor History of Mathematics archive at the University of St Andrews.

## Newton's Birthplace and Schooling

- Woolsthorpe Manor, Lincolnshire Illustrated guide to Newton's birthplace from the 'Tour UK' site.
- The National Trust has an entry for Woolsthorpe Manor, giving opening hours, directions etc
- Isaac Newton's School in Grantham

## Newton at Cambridge

Trinity College contains about five portraits of Newton and the famous statue by Roubiliac can be seen in the Chapel. The rooms Newton occupied when he was a Fellow can be seen externally but not entered.

The Wren Library at Trinity College contains the largest intact portion of Newton's library, and some correspondence and papers, which can be viewed by appointment. It also contains two busts of Newton (including one by Roubiliac), a display of Newton memorabilia (including walking sticks, watches, mathematical instruments and a lock of hair) and a stained glass window by Cipriani (1771) depicting an allegorical scene in which Newton is presented to George III. These can be seen during opening hours or by appointment.

Papers of Sir Isaac Newton in Cambridge University Library The most complete collection of Newton's scientific papers available through the Cambridge Digital Library.

The Keynes' Collection in the Modern Archive Centre at King's College contains many of Newton's non-scientific manuscripts, bequeathed to King's by JM Keynes (viewing by appointment).

The Whipple Museum contains a replica Newtonian reflecting telescope, and a number of portraits of Newton.

Isaac Newton Exhibition at Cambridge University Library entitled Footprints of the Lion which ran in 2002

## Newton's Works

Newton's 'Principia' Book Two. Lemma II. Latin or English text, in a variety of electronic formats. From the History of Mathematics site at Trinity College, Dublin

The Newton Project Created in 1998, the Newton Project seeks to make facsimiles and transcriptions of Newton's manuscripts available in electronic form and to display their original connections, along with full documentation relating to Newton's reading such as written notes and annotations.

Newton's Three Laws of Motion

Sir Isaac Newton: The Universal Law of Gravitation

Sir Isaac Newton and the Unification of Physics & Astronomy

These three links are all part of the Astronomy Web Syllabus at the University of Tennessee. A clear, accessible and well-illustrated
guide to Newton's laws.

The Physics of Classic Pullback Cars: Newton's second law of motion explained with the example of pull-back motors in toy cars. Also other links on acceleration, gravity, speed and velocity.

## Newton's Monument

Newton died at Kensington on 20 March 1727 and was buried in Westminster Abbey on 28 March. Newton's Monument dates from 1731. It was designed by William Kent and was executed by Michael Rysbrack.

## Artwork

There are many interesting pieces of art which reference or depict Newton. There are numurous statues and busts, as mentioned in the section 'Newton at Cambridge' detailed above. A few additional links are provided here for you to explore.